ERIC Number: ED098466
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Measuring Conjoint Preferences for Family Composition.
Coombs, Lolagene C.; Coombs, Clyde H.
This document reports on the development of a measurement model aimed at determining preference for sex and number of children in a family. These new scales reflect the utility for sex and number of children, disentangle their separate effects, and provide independent measures of each. They are sensitive to deviations from a first choice, and index an underlying preference structure that is often at variance with a stated first preference. Two advances in psychological measurement theory provide the basis for the models and measures developed and tested in both the experimental and field data. The authors detail the development of both the model, using conjoint measurement theory, and the scales, using the unfolding theory. Six different models of family composition have been tested in exploratory work to date. They range from the simplest--that the utility for a boy adds to the utility for a girl to give the utility for a family--to a threshold model which implies some sort of stopping rule, such as having at least one or two sons. The most viable model asserts that the relevant variables are the total number of children and the algebriac difference between the number of boys and the number of girls preferred. A cross-cultural analysis of scale validity is reviewed. (Author/PC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (New York, New York, April 1974)