ERIC Number: ED098457
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Radical Mastectomy on a Woman's Feminine Self-Concept.
The present investigation attempted to assess the psychological aftereffects of mastectomy in women. An edited version of the Berscheid, Walster, and Bohrnstedt Body Image Questionnaire (1972) and a focused interview were administered to three groups of female surgical patients both pre- and postoperatively. Significant differences were found between groups presurgically on time lag before calling doctor and amount of anxiety expressed in the interview. Breast surgery seems to elicit more anxiety, as evidenced by shorter times between appearance of symptom and contacting doctor, and spontaneous expression of fear of mutilation or death in the interview. Significant postsurgical decreases were found for all groups in self-concept and satisfaction with intimate relationships. The defensive operation of denial is hypothesized to be masking postsurgical differences in the mastectomy patients. (Author)
Descriptors: Body Image, Cancer, Females, Human Body, Medical Services, Morale, Research Projects, Self Concept, Sex Differences
Janet Polivy, Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60201
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Health Services and Mental Health Administration (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL. Dept. of Psychology.