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ERIC Number: ED098256
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Positive Transfer and Negative Transfer Effects on Paired Associate Learning by Retardates Controlled for Intelligence and Achievement.
Egnoski, Eugene J.; And Others
Twenty institutionalized adult retardates (10 men, 10 women) were administered paired-associate bigrams (letter-letter, letter-number, number-letter) in an A-B, B-C, A-C paradigm. One-half of the items were designed to enhance positive transfer and one-half negative transfer, and each subject learned both in scrambled (nonsystematized bias) presentations. Furthermore, two A-C lists were used so that the positive-transfer stimulus-items of one list became the negative-transfer stimulus-items of the other list, and vice versa. Each subject learned one A-C list. A 2x2x2 analysis of variance (Sex x List A-C x Transfer) indicated significant differences between positive and negative Transfer (the repeated measure). Post-hoc analyses also related items that were learned fastest, middle or slowest and learners that were quicker or slower with Sex, List A-C, and Transfer. The paper begins with a brief historical review of paired-associate learning. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A