ERIC Number: ED098165
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Mar-29
Reference Count: 0
Motives of College Women for Participating in Physical Activities.
One hundred and fifty-one college women, 88 non-physical education majors, and 63 physical education majors were given a 75-item Q-sort of statements on motives for participation in physical activity and a background questionnaire that elicited demographic data and information on sports activity experience. The Q-sort data for each major group were treated by means of an inverse factor analysis to establish factor types representing groups of people with similar motives for participation. Findings indicate that differences can be discerned among women regarding motives for playing. Five significant activity types were established for the nonmajors, including (a) the appearance conscious, (b) the skill developers, (c) the fitness fadists, (d) the healthy long-livers, and (e) the groupies. Four significant activity types were established for the physical education majors, including (a) the straight arrows, (b) the show-offs; (c) the groupies, and (d) the givers. On the basis of this study the author draws the following conclusions: (a) physical education majors are distinguishable from the nonmajors in terms of their experience in intramural and varsity sports on both the high school and college level and by their participation in sports in leisure time and (b) college and junior high school girls are alike in participation in physical activities for the group association it provides. (A 23-item bibliography is included.) (Author/PD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Coll. of Health and Physical Education.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (Anaheim, California, March 1974)