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ERIC Number: ED098163
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of a Supportive and Nonsupportive Audience upon Learning a Gross Motor Skill.
Kozar, Bill
This study tests the social facilitation hypothesis that the mere presence of others is a sufficient condition for the production of audience effects upon learning by controlling the manner in which the subject perceives the audience. Seventy-five high-anxious and 75 low-anxious subjects were divided into three groups of 25 and tested under alone, supportive audience, and nonsupportive audience conditions. Results showed that four of six groups improved significantly in balancing ability over 12 trials. There was no significant difference shown for conditions of learning nor for interaction between anxiety level and learning conditions. It was hypothesized that perhaps the Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale is inappropriate for motor learning studies and that a learned drive approach should be considered in future studies. (A 15-item bibliography is included.) (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Manifest Anxiety Scale