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ERIC Number: ED098162
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Effects on Motor Performance of Setting an Overt Level of Aspiration by Mentally Retarded Students.
Kozar, Bill
This study investigates the effects of setting an overt level of aspiration on the standing long jump performance of mildly and moderately retarded institutionalized children. Thirty-three mildly retarded and seven moderately retarded students were randomly assigned to either an overt level of aspiration (OLA) group or a control group. Each subject was asked to do his best on every trial. After each trial, OLA subjects were shown how far they had jumped and then asked to point to a line on the mat where they expected to be able to jump on the next trial. The control group subjects were asked to do their best and were shown how far they had jumped in the preceding trial. The evidence that no significant differences in long jump performances were found within or between groups indicates that overt level aspiration does not appear to act as an effective motivating technique in increasing the performance of mentally retarded children, and, therefore, these subjects were not able to make a meaningful connection between an overtly committed goal and succeeding performance scores. (PD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A