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ERIC Number: ED098048
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Pages: 150
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of Verbal and Nonverbal Instruction in Elementary School Mathematics.
Hollingsworth, Caroline Dean
The purpose of this study was to assess the relative effectiveness of verbal teaching methods as compared to a nonverbal approach which permitted no oral communication. Four fourth-grade classes consisting of a total of 88 students in one school were randomly assigned to treatment groups so that two were taught nonverbally and two were taught by conventional methods; two teachers were assigned one class of each type. Instructional material consisted of four independent topics: geometric figures, lattice operations, ordered pair coordinates, and function machines. A pretest-posttest control group design was used, and an analysis of covariance showed no significant differences between treatments or teachers, nor any interaction between them. There was no interaction found between treatment and level (high or low) of either aptitude or achievement as measured by California Test scores. The investigator concluded that the demonstrated comparability of the two teaching methods not only pointed to nonverbal instruction as an alternate mode, but also seriously questioned the effectiveness of conventional teacher talk in enhancing learning. (Author/DT)
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 74-6594, MF-$5.00, Xerography-$11.00)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, The Florida State University