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ERIC Number: ED097996
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Aug
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Observational Learning on Positive Reinforcers.
Kloss, James D.
This study investigates the possibility that the reinforcement strength of stimuli can be enhanced by observational learning as well as by pairing with unconditioned reinforcers. The reinforcement strengths of two candies were determined for 40 preschool children as measured by rate of response on a button pressing apparatus. The children then observed a videotape of an adult model being rewarded in a different situation who: (1) chose one candy over the other and consumed it, (2) chose one candy over the other but did not consume it, (3) consumed one candy but did not have a choice of candies, or (4) did not receive a candy reward. Rates of response supported by each candy were then determined again. The predicted interactions of the candies, sessions, and modeling conditions were statistically significant, indicating that the reinforcement strength of the candy was enhanced by observational learning. This finding increases the viability of the concept of conditioned reinforcement in accounts of complex human behavior. (Author/SDH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A