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ERIC Number: ED097995
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Aug
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
A Behavioral Approach to Changing Self-Concept in Elementary School Children.
Hauserman, Norma; And Others
This report describes an experiment in which elementary school children with negative self-concepts as measured by the Bolea Pictorial Self-Concept Scale and teacher ratings were exposed to a behavioral procedure designed to raise their self-concepts. Subjects were 30 children, grades K-4, who were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. The treatment procedure consisted of an elicitation by a teacher of a positive self-statement from an experimental subject. Each statement was immediately followed by a positive social reinforcer. At the end of the 40-day treatment period every child receiving the treatment showed a large gain in self-concept score. These gains were maintained on a delayed posttest given one month after cessation of the elicitation procedures. Discussion of the results indicated that the study provided evidence that, by altering specific behaviors, attitudinal changes can be effected even on a more global self-concept measure. An alternative explanation however, is that changes shown by the experimental group may possibly be due to the amount of attention that the children received, rather than the experimental procedures per se. (Author/SDH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (82nd, New Orleans, Louisiana, August 30-September 3, 1974)