ERIC Number: ED097679
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Press and Government Restriction: A Cross-National Study Over Time.
Weaver, David H.
Studies on mass communication and national development and studies of press freedom were reviewed to construct a macro-level theoretical model of press freedom development including seven key concepts: availability of resources, urbanism, educational level, mass media development, accountability of governors, stress on government, and government control of the press. The causal linkages suggested in this model were tested with data from 137 countries collected at four different times (1950, 1960, 1965, and 1966). Heise's path analytic causal model was used to infer the directions and signs of the causal influences among the key concepts. The results indicated consistent moderate support across time periods and regions for two of the seven predicted causal relations: increased mass media development resulted in greater accountability of governors and increased accountability of governors led to less government control of the press. (Author/RB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism (57th, San Diego, California, August 18-21, 1974)