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ERIC Number: ED097610
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-May
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Internal-External Control and Responses to Others Needing Assistance.
Lamiell, James T.; Phares, E. Jerry
Internal-external control is an important individual differences variable that was introduced in a systematic series of social learning studies by Rotter. The I-E dimension refers to the degree to which people view themselves as responsible for the occurrence or lack of occurrence of reinforcement (internals), as opposed to viewing luck, fate, chance, or powerful others as being responsible (externals). The present investigation was concerned primarily with how individual differences along the I-E dimension would relate to various reactions to others in need of assistance. Subjects were 146 male and female college students (66 externals and 69 internals). A number of situational manipulations were included in this investigation. Reaction was observed as the subjects were confronted with: (1) a Korean war veteran, (2) an ex-convict, and (3) a welfare client. The data were analyzed through a 2x2x3x4 ANOVA design. Results indicate that internals and externals do indeed differentially attribute responsibility for others' behavioral outcomes. Also, reactions to others needing assistance are mediated to some extent by subjective attribution of responsibility. (Author/HMV)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (46th, Chicago, Illinois, May 1974)