ERIC Number: ED097608
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Television Viewing in an Experimental Aggression Paradigm.
Anchor, Kenneth N.
This investigation used a convergent measures design to explore the relationship of television viewing habits and preferences to experimentally emitted aggressive behavior. The catharsis argument posits that watching programs high in aggressive content provides a socially adaptive outlet for involvement with aggression. Groups of college and noncollege educated psychiatric patients and college educated normals were compared according to their television habits and their response to the dependent measure. The dependent measure used a modified Prisoner's Dilemma Game in which S was given 10 "zap" options which, if exercised, enabled S to (maladaptively) aggress against another at a cost to himself. Results lent only mixed support to the catharsis argument. Findings suggested that as a predictor and determinant of subsequent behavior, television preferences must be considered along with situational and personality variables. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Psychological Association (Chicago, Illinois, May 1974)