ERIC Number: ED097490
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Attitudes of Youth Toward Military Service in a Zero-Draft Environment: Results of a National Survey Conducted in November 1972.
Fisher, Allan H., Jr.; DiSario, Martha R.
The study, fourth in a series of reports on the attitudes of youth, analyzed the 1972 results of a continuing Department of Defense national survey aimed at studying the enlistment motivation and attitudes toward military service of American youth. A total of 1,924 male youths, aged 16 to 21 years, were interviewed during a period of low draft calls, reduced troop levels in Vietnam, and increased service pay allowances. Topics covered included their willingness to enlist in the active service under a zero-draft condition, to volunteer for active service as officers, and their views on enlistment incentives, service preference, and career objectives. Results varied according to age and educational status, with high school students showing a higher enlistment potential than college students and males not in school. Fully paid college educations provided the greatest enlistment incentive, especially to the 16- and 17-year olds. Bonus options appealed especially to nonwhites. Pay and secure employment were endorsed as the two most important life goals. The present research has not investigated enlistment potential among women; the concept of increased female utilization in the military service deserves additional study. (Author/EA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Manpower and Reserve Affairs (DOD), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Human Resources Research Organization, Alexandria, VA.; Air Force Human Resources Lab., Alexandria, VA. Manpower Development Div.