ERIC Number: ED097407
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Social-Class and the Description of Visual Arrays. Technical Report No. 6.
The study reported here was an attempt to systematically manipulate certain factors which might be responsible for the poor communicational performance of lower socioeconomic status children. The major questions raised were: Can differences in task difficulty, perceptual characteristics of the task, and task instructions attenuate or eliminate observed SES differences? These three task variables are concerned with the information processing demand characteristics of the communication task. This study attempted to determine whether the problems encountered by the lower SES child in a referential communication task were communication problems or whether these problems could be attributed to information processing difficulties. This study utilized a simple referential description task in order to explore the possible effects of information processing factors on the speaker's communicational performance. If interactions were to be observed between the three above mentioned classes of task variables and the SES of the speaker, this might indicate that the problems encountered by the lower SES speaker were caused by information processing difficulties. Seventy-two fourth grade male and female white students (half lower SES and half middle SES), who had achieved normal age-grade placement, served as subjects in the study. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wayne State Univ., Detroit, MI. Center for the Study of Cognitive Processes.
Identifiers - Location: Michigan