ERIC Number: ED097396
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: N/A
Urban Schools and Equality of Educational Opportunity in New Jersey: A Report of the New Jersey Education Reform Project.
Gurwitz, Aaron S.
New Jersey's current performance and the likely effects of various reform proposals were evaluated according to the degree that the following goal was attained: that no group of children, distintuishable by race, sex, locality, ethnic background, religion or economic status, shall consistently perform below the State average on measurements of specific skills. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that when we define equality of opportunity in this way equal expenditures do not necessarily insure equality of opportunity across school districts, and that even after fiscal capacity for schools is equalized, those districts which have the greatest needs for above average expenditures, are least able to raise additional revenues through local taxation. New Jersey's Educational Assessment Program of 1972-73 revealed that urban districts were performing significantly worse than the State average in all academic fields tested. This deficiency is not the result of lower expenditures in the cities. The problem is that there are much higher concentrations of children who are harder to educate in urban areas than in the State as a whole. Such children cannot achieve at the State average unless greater-than-average revenues are available for special educational programs. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Change, Educational Finance, Educational Needs, Educational Opportunities, Ethnic Groups, Public Policy, Racial Differences, School District Spending, School Districts, Socioeconomic Status, State Surveys, Urban Schools
New Jersey Education Reform Project, Greater Newark Urban Coalition, 24 Commerce Street, Newark, New Jersey 07102 (Price not quoted)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Urban Coalition, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Greater Newark Urban Coalition, NJ.
Identifiers - Location: New Jersey