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ERIC Number: ED097378
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Apr
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Awareness and Response Style in the Acquisition of a Verbal Behavior.
Lusterman, Don-David
The effects of individual personality differences and awareness of experimental demands on the acquisition of a verbal behavior were investigated. Awareness was determined by a recognition task. The personality variable was a measure of the agreeing response set to Likert-scaled personality items. Subjects were grouped as extreme or moderate responders. The tendency to respond extremely was viewed as a type of deviant behavior, related to other nonconforming behavior, and growing out of early socialization patterns. Unaware subjects showed no performance gains, which is consistent with a cognitive viewpoint. Among aware subjects, moderates showed high performance gains, while extremes showed only small gains. A breakdown of extremes into highs (yeasayers) and lows (naysayers) revealed that 77 percent of the yeasayers and 33 percent of the nay sayers became aware, as compared to 50 percent of the moderates. These findings were discussed in terms of the need to consider individual differences in the statement of general behavioral laws. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (59th, Chicago, Illinois, April 1974)