ERIC Number: ED097344
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
The Forest, Trees, Branches and Leaves, Revisited--Norm, Domain, Objective and Criterion-Referenced Assessments for Educational Assessment and Evaluation. AMEG Monograph No. 1.
Harsh, J. Richard
It is argued that, by design, norm-referenced tests (NRT) and criterion-referenced tests (CRT) are conceived with different frames of reference. They are not totally exclusive of each other, but they do direct attention to different uses and references for information and decision making. Their combined contributions allow a more detailed and comprehensive means of assessing the outcomes of an educational program. A historical perspective is given of the two types of tests and NRTs are discussed as to sampling and purposes. Different types of tests are designed to sample different universes and norm-, objective-, and criterion-referenced tests are distinguished in aspects of design, development, use, and interpretation. Several of the nationally-normed achievement tests may exhibit characteristics of both NRTs and CRTs to a greater or lesser degree, according to how CRTs are defined. Criteria for evaluating educational programs, performance objectives, and the criteria of educational progress are discussed, as well as the feasibility of using CRTs in large-scale or national programs. (RC)
Descriptors: Criterion Referenced Tests, Educational Assessment, Educational Testing, Norm Referenced Tests, Standardized Tests
California Personnel and Guidance Association, 654 East Commonwealth Avenue, Fullerton, California 92631 ($1.00)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Personnel and Guidance Association, Fullerton.; Association for Measurement and Evaluation in Guidance, Washington, DC.