ERIC Number: ED097264
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Conceptions of Democratic Education in the Founding of the French Third Republic (1870-c. 1890). Final Report.
Hazlett, J. Stephen
The broad problem area of the relation of education to democracy, dealing primarily with the thought of the "opportunist" wing of French democracy in the early Third Republic (1870-c. 1890), is the focus of this study. It endeavors to find out why the politicians and educators who contributed to development of the primary school believed that mass education was important to the regime they were working to establish. The investigation relied on published sources, including the speeches and writings of leading republicans, the pedagogical press, school textbooks, monographs, histories of French education, and governmental publications. The major finding is that republicans looked to education to promote order and social control. By propagating a common set of values and ideals and a standard appreciation of the republic, the school was expected to be a powerful agent of public tranquility and the balance wheel of popular sovereignty. In converting social and economic problems into educational problems, republicans effectively denied the need for significant government intervention and placed the responsibility for imporvement on the shoulders of the individual. Sources consulted for the three sections, "The Education of the Citizen,""Education and Social Reform," and "Moral Education and Laicism," are listed. (Author/KSM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Regional Research Program.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: France