ERIC Number: ED097243
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: N/A
Geography in Elementary and Secondary Education: Tradition to Opportunity.
Vuicich, George; Stoltman, Joseph
This paper on the pre-college teaching of geography documents the teaching of geography in the United States from 1800 to the present and projects it into the future. Analyses of how views on physical, regional, and human geography have affected the elementary and secondary curricula and a history of the incorporation of geography into the social studies curriculum in the 1940's are included. In the sixties, the High School Geography Project (HSGP) and various elementary level projects shaped elementary and secondary geography into an interdisciplinary and conceptually oriented subject with emphases in affective learning and urban studies. Critical elements for geography education envisioned for the future are decision making, valuing, and resolving conflict. Traditional tools for locational analysis applied to these elements will validate geography's importance in the curriculum. Conceptual models for these processes and specific examples of their application -- deciding whether to build the Alaska pipeline, investigating the values behind locating a parking lot, and resolving a conflict over the location of the future settlement of Jamestown -- included in the document provide direction for teaching the geography of the future. An annotated bibliography on geography and the teaching of geography is also included. (JH)
Descriptors: Conflict Resolution, Curriculum Development, Decision Making, Educational Trends, Elementary Education, Geographic Concepts, Geography Instruction, History, Human Geography, Models, Physical Geography, Problem Solving, Process Education, Relevance (Education), Secondary Education, Social Studies, Values
Social Science Education Consortium, Inc., 855 Broadway, Boulder CO 80302 (Order SSEC-Pub-171, $2.25)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Social Science Education Consortium, Inc., Boulder, CO.; ERIC Clearinghouse for Social Studies/Social Science Education, Boulder, CO.