ERIC Number: ED096828
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: N/A
Social Factors and Speech Variation: Some Observations in Albany, New York.
Light, Richard L.
This study was conducted to examine certain social factors, such as sex, ethnicity, and socioeconomic group, as they influence the speech of a sample of black and white children, aged 10-12, from a lower socioeconomic group in Albany, New York. The tapes of the interviews were analyzed to determine the usage of the nonstandard forms of four grammatical features, the multiple negative and the absence of suffixal -Z (i.e., absence of the suffix marking plural and possessive nouns and the third person singular form of the verb). The results showed that the race of interviewer and sex of child had little influence on the use of the four features, as compared with race of child, which was a factor influencing frequency of use of two of the features, multiple negation and the absence of the third singular marker. It is noted that any explanation of the large quantitative difference between the black and white children's realization of these two nonstandard forms must take into account differences in social interaction patterns and the expectancies of the two groups. Results of this investigation are compared with those of the Washington and Detroit studies. (Author/LG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York (Albany)