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ERIC Number: ED096712
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Apr
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Interaction Patterns in Established and Ad Hoc Groups: An Experimental Comparison.
Radcliffe, Terrence R.
This study observed the communication behavior within ad hoc and established groups and compared the two types of groups on several indexes of interaction patterns. Ad hoc groups were individuals who had no in-group activity with each other prior to the experiment. Established groups were individuals who had nine 50-minute sessions of ingroup activity with each other prior to the experiment. The subjects were 80 college students randomly divided into 16 five-member groups. At the conclusion of three weeks of group activities, 6 of the 16 groups were randomly selected to serve as the established groups for the experiment. The six ad hoc groups were systematically created from the students who were not divided into established groups. Each group participated in a videotaped decision-making discussion. Each group member was first given four choice dilemma problems, and the group was than told to discuss each problem and attempt to arrive at a consensus on each problem. The results indicated that the six established groups were not significantly different from the six ad hoc groups for feedback responses sent, person to group contributions, total contributions, receive-send ratio, selectivity ratio, and centrality index. (WR)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A