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ERIC Number: ED096675
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Feb
Pages: 67
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
From the Back of the Foxhole: Black Correspondents in World War II. Journalism Monographs, No. 27.
Stevens, John D.
Black newspapers, like the "Chicago Defender,""The Pittsburgh Courier," and the "Baltimore Afro-American," opened the eyes of Americans to the injustices suffered at home as well as in the armed services. The black press attacked the Navy for its Jim Crowism because when World War II began, the only black sailors were messmen. It attacked the Red Cross for segregating blood by the donor's race. The black war correspondents during World War II had extra problems, but they accepted the challenges of locating and writing about black troops. They were unable to cover the main thrust of the war because blacks seldom had a role in combat; instead they had tough, thankless jobs. Even though they did not win any journalistic prizes, black correspondents made the war easier to bear for the black soldiers and for their loved ones back home. The 27 black correspondents were given regular assignments for black papers or news organizations. The largest number of correspondents (10) went to North Africa and Italy to cover the two major black combat units. Some others worked in the Pacific Theater and Northern Europe, and a few covered such sideshows as Burma, Russia, and Alaska. (SW)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Association for Education in Journalism.