ERIC Number: ED096590
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
A Multitrait-Multimethod Approach to the Construct Validation of "Acceptance of Self" and "Acceptance of Others".
Shepard, Loretta Ann; Glass, Gene V.
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the construct validity of self-acceptance. Is it distinguishable from self-assessment as the literary use of the term implies? Can acceptance of self and acceptance of others be shown to be related, as postulated, but remain distinguishable as separate constructs? Three constructs, self-acceptance, self-assessment, and acceptance of others, were selected for study so that their interrelationships could be observed. In order to determine what portion of systematic variance among subjects was attributable to valid assessment of the traits and what was due to method factors, each construct was measured by seven different methods. Subjects were 137 high school and college students, parents of high school students, and older adults who were paid for taking the 3-hour battery of tests. The average convergent validity values were .54 for self-acceptance, .41 for self-assessment, and .40 for acceptance of others. The correlations among constructs using different methods showed strong discriminant validity when each of the two self-constructs was compared with acceptance of others. Although sufficient discrimination was demonstrated for self-acceptance and acceptance of others to warrant calling them separate constructs, the average correlation between the two of .21 was in keeping with their theoretical relationship. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Regional Research Program.
Authoring Institution: Colorado Univ., Boulder. Lab. of Educational Research.