ERIC Number: ED096379
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Justice Delayed & Denied: HEW and Northern School Desegregation.
This study sought to assess the record of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare in carrying out its mandate to prevent racial discrimination in school districts in the 33 northern and western states that did not at the time of the "Brown" decision have laws requiring or authorizing segregation of the public schools. Ten years ago, Congress enacted the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VI of which provided that no person shall be subjected to discrimination in any program receiving federal funds. When this inquiry was initiated, there were several alternative theories to explain the apparent lack of impact of Title VI on northern school segregation: either that HEW had not looked for or had not been able to discover any violation of Title VI in the districts it had investigated, or that HEW had found violations in northern districts but had failed to act to redress the violations. At the end of this study, it was concluded that in many cases HEW investigations uncovered violations of the law, but the agency failed to take effective action to provide remedies to the victims of discrimination or to stem the flow of federal funds to districts which are in violation of the federal Constitution. In other cases, HEW failed to conduct any investigation at all in many districts where large numbers of minority children live and attend racially isolated schools. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Federal Aid, Federal Government, Federal Programs, Government Role, Law Enforcement, Northern Schools, Program Administration, Public Policy, Racial Discrimination, Racial Segregation, School Desegregation, School Segregation
Center for National Policy Review, School of Law, Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C. 20017 ($1.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Catholic Univ. of America, Washington, DC. Center for National Policy Review.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Civil Rights Act 1964