ERIC Number: ED096363
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Evaluation and Reform: The Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, Title I.
McLaughlin, Milbrey Wallin
It is only in recent years that educational evaluation has become institutionalized. The present spate of reporting and the accepted belief in the necessity to evaluate can be traced to the 1965 passage of the massive Elementary and Secondary Education Act--the first major social legislation to mandate project reporting. This case study in policy research examines the congruence between the assumptions and expectations that generated these notions of evaluation and reform and the dominant constraints and incentives in the Title I policy system. The central question of this study concerns the degree to which the expectations of reformers about the conduct and use of evaluation squared with the behavior of individuals and bureaucracies, particularly in a federal system. Senator Robert Kennedy, the principal architect of the 1965 Title I evaluation requirement, viewed mandated evaluation as a means of political accountability. Reformers of a different stripe hoped that Title I evaluation could revitalize federal management of education programs. But state and local schoolmen argued that an evaluation requirement would presage federal control of local education. This tension between proponents and opponents of evaluation characterized Title I evaluation history. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Accountability, Compensatory Education, Educational Administration, Educational Change, Educational Legislation, Evaluation Needs, Federal Government, Federal Legislation, Policy Formation, Program Evaluation, Public Policy, Social Action
Rand Corp., Santa Monica, California 90406 (Price not quoted)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Center for Educational Policy Research.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I