ERIC Number: ED096088
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
A Study of Youth Attitudes Toward Authority and Their Relation to School Adjustment Patterns. A Report Prepared by the 1973-74 Humboldt County Grand Jury, June 1974.
Bowlus, Donald; And Others
The Humboldt County Grand Jury (1973-74) examined the attitudes of high school youths toward law enforcement in the California county. Since these are sensitive indicators of their attitudes toward authority in general, results should not be interpreted as being exclusively relevant to law enforcement. The study covered a 4 month period, sampling 671 advanced level high school students from 5 schools. The first phase surveyed student attitudes toward law enforcement officers; the second investigated the relation of student adjustment patterns to these attitudes. To identify sources of rating variations, students were divided into subgroups by sex, school attended, parents' income level, and racial group (American Indian and Anglo). Ratings of law officers are also influenced by the broader, perhaps more stable, personal and social attitudes (alienation and authoritarianism). There was a significant relationship between the respondent's degree of alienation and evaluations given law officers. Success within the school society depends primarily upon acculturation, which by and large means conformity to an implicit model of social behavior and personal conduct and compliance to the will of the teachers. Those students who are the most "culturally different" from the white middle class model, in this case Native Americans, suffer most and achieve least. The report emphasized that differences in achievement levels are not caused by differences in ability to learn, but rather are the consequence of the interaction of the students' cultural backgrounds with the school system. (KM)
Descriptors: Acculturation, Affective Behavior, American Indians, Anglo Americans, Conformity, Cultural Background, Environmental Influences, Law Enforcement, Majority Attitudes, Minority Groups, Police School Relationship, Positive Reinforcement, Socioeconomic Influences, Student Attitudes, Success
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Research Associates, Trinidad, CA.
Identifiers - Location: California