ERIC Number: ED096068
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Aug-25
A Method of Delineation of Homogeneous Social-Ecological Areas.
Loebl, Andrew S.; Campbell, Rex R.
The traditional dichotomies of urban and rural may no longer be valid. Investigating whether or not there are socially significant areal units to redefine rural and urban areas, the report described one attempt to delineate such units and to test them for sociological utility. Counties were placed in homogeneous social units based upon the characteristics of the resident population. The methods utilized were termed "factor ecology" and the phenomenon chosen for the test of social utility was selected patterns of migration. The latter choice was arbitrary; the emphasis herein concerned methods and their verification. The areas tested -- 208 counties in Missouri and Nebraska -- were for experimental purposes only, but they did represent a broad range of socioeconomic conditions. The process used 8 steps: (1) determine the relevant variables that describe each county's population; (2) subject these to factor analysis; (3) from step 2 obtain the factors and significant variables for each factor; (4) determine the index score for each factor for each county through the use of factor loadings; (5) standardize the index scores; (6) divide the standardized scores into quartiles; (7) delineate the counties into homogeneous, non-continuous social units based upon the quartiles; and (8) test the resulting areal units by comparing them with areal units formed through analysis of migration patterns. (KM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Missouri; Nebraska