ERIC Number: ED095829
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Student Control and Choice: Their Effects on Student Engagement in a CAI Arithmetic Task in a Low-Income School. Technical Report No. 41.
Fisher, Maurice D.; And Others
A study was made: (1) to determine whether children allowed to choose the difficulty levels of their arithmetic problems in a Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) task would show greater engagement in learning than children who were not given a choice, (2) to discover possible patterns in the choices made, and (3) to determine the relationship of locus of control (LOC) attributions to engagement in the task. The subjects were 4th and 5th grade students, mostly Mexican-Americans, in a low-income school. Pairs of subjects were matched on age, sex, and initial achievement level in math. Subjects in both conditions used a modified form of the Math Drill and Practice program by Suppes, et al, 1974. Task specific attention or inattention and locus of control were measured. Among the major finds were: (1) that the choice group was significantly higher in engagement, (2) for both groups, engagement decreased significantly over a 15 day period; and (3) distinctive choice patterns did occur. The findings also showed that children will choose problems that result in poor academic performance; if performance in choice situations is to be improved, training methods that use information about children's unique patterns of choices should be designed. (Author/WCM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. Stanford Center for Research and Development in Teaching.