ERIC Number: ED095822
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Mar-20
Reference Count: N/A
Learner Control: Beyond Aptitude Treatment Interactions. Draft Copy.
Merrill, M. David
A careful reading of Cronbach and Snow's "Aptitudes and Instructional Methods" reveals that an aptitude-treatment-interaction (ATI) approach is not just a research methodology but is, in fact, a theory oriented philosophy of proposed revision in curriculum and instructional methodology. It is our contention that as a theoretical argument the ATI approach extends current practice in a desirable direction but that this approach, like those it is intended to replace, seriously limits the possibility of optimal adaptation to individual differences. This paper attempts to identify the theoretical premises of the Cronbach/Snow argument and to propose alternatives which are less limiting. A new theoretical methodology, based on these alternative premises, is described. It is suggested that the study of ATI's may be unnecessary for the optimal adaptation of instruction to individual differences. (Author)
Descriptors: Academic Aptitude, Academically Gifted, Aptitude Treatment Interaction, Cognitive Ability, Individual Differences, Individualized Instruction, Instructional Design, Instructional Improvement, Instructional Innovation, Learning Theories, Literature Reviews, Low Ability Students, Media Selection, Research Methodology, Student Characteristics, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. ERIC Clearinghouse on Information Resources.