ERIC Number: ED095598
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
A Paradigm for Studying Congruence of Perceptions of Communication in a Dyad.
Rushing, Janice L.; Rushing, Don G.
The purpose of this study was to propose a relatively simple basic paradigm that may be used in a number of different ways to experimentally determine communicators' differential perceptions of their own and another's messages in a transaction. The subjects were 28 pairs of college speech-communication students, randomly selected. The only criterion for selection was that the two members of each pair be strangers, in order to avoid possible contamination from preacquaintance. The measurement instrument was a set of statements about a controversial national topic, followed by five-step Likert-type scales of agreement-disagreement. The statements were developed by using pilot subjects from the same population as the ones used in the study. Each was asked to compile a list of 15 possible topics for discussion concerning the Watergate affair. From these lists, 15 attitudinal statements were generated. The subjects then talked together continuously for 20 minutes about their attitudes and feelings concerning Watergate. Finally, the subjects completed the questionnaire. The results indicated that in every case, when a subject's perception of his own attitude was compared with his partner's perception of his attitude, significant differences were found. (WR)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A