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ERIC Number: ED095545
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Aug
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Black Armbands Case: A Delicate Balance.
Deane, Sharon Louise
The Supreme Court broadened freedom of expression for high school and college students in its landmark decision of 1969, "Tinker vs Des Moines Independent School District.""Tinker" is significant in that it affirmed the Court's protection of free speech unless such expression is likely to produce "clear and present danger" of serious harm, and the "material and substantial interference" standard established in "Tinker" helped clarify which student expressions are protected under the First Amendment. "Papish vs University of Missouri Curators" is the most recent Supreme Court case (1973) to cite "Tinker," but lesser courts have adopted the "Tinker" rationale in such cases as "Zucker vs Panitz,""Scoville vs Board of Education," and "Lee vs Board of Regents of State Colleges." Total clarity concerning the principles established in "Tinker" has not been reached, but it is hoped that these standards will be affirmed in future Court decisions and clarified in the process. (Author/RB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Tinker v Des Moines Independent School District