ERIC Number: ED095253
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: N/A
Center for Interracial Cooperation. Final Report.
Cohen, Elizabeth G.; And Others
In the summer of 1972, a field experiment on intergroup behavior was conducted in Oakland, California. For the purpose of this experiment, a tuition-free 6-week summer school for black and white students of junior high school age was created. The design of the experiment compared the effectiveness of two treatments in producing "equal status" behavior in interracial groups. A second-stage evaluation ascertained whether the effects of treatment could persist over a period of 4 weeks of classroom interaction. Previous laboratory work had revealed that when white and black boys are brought together to carry out a group task, whites tend to dominate the discussion. To modify this pattern, Cohen and Roper developed a method of treating the initial expectations for competence with which white and black children enter a group experience. In this treatment, called Expectation Training, the black children become teachers of the white children in order to expose them to a clear experience of black competence. The design of the experimental summer school exposed one-half of the students to a lengthened, strengthened version of Expectation Training. The other half of the sample experienced an alternative treatment which emphasized successful learning in small, noncompetitive, interracial groups. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. School of Education.; Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Identifiers - Location: California