ERIC Number: ED094224
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Feb-5
Reference Count: N/A
A Modest Interdisciplinary Overview of the Farm Labor Problem with Some Suggestions for Future Research Efforts.
Wright, David E., Jr.
It is stated that the United States is experiencing in the agricultural sector two simultaneous surpluses which together are referred to as the "farm problem:" these are surpluses of products and labor. The primary reasons for the labor surplus are relatively rapid adoption of technological innovations, the approximation of a competitive market structure which facilitates a "technological treadmill," and lack of an explicit manpower policy related to agriculture. Removing the excess labor from farming appears to be the only currently viable solution; other measures aimed at improving the conditions of agricultural labor are short-run and will eventually lead to reduction of the labor force. Whether or not the policy to move manpower out of agriculture is accepted, analysts agree that there is a need for research which focuses specifically on the agricultural labor force. Occupational mobility studies have served as a useful mechanism through which to perform this research. The paper concludes that two major possibilities exist: conceptual clarification and analysis of the heterogeneous quality of the agricultural labor force. (A six-page bibliography is included.) (Author/BP)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Texas Agricultural Experiment Station.
Authoring Institution: N/A