ERIC Number: ED094096
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of School Desegregation on Minority Group Student Achievement and Self-Concept: An Evaluation of Court Ordered Busing in Waco, Texas. Final Report.
Felice, Lawrence G.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of busing on the subsequent achievement performance of bused minority students. Differences in achievement gains are hypothesized to be a function of bused student attitudes toward busing and the interracial climate of acceptance in the receiving schools. The design of this study is that of a three year longitudinal panel with before busing and after busing achievement and attitudinal measures for bused and non-bused black students, and white receiving school students and teachers in Waco, Texas. Independent variables included in the analyses include measured intelligence, parental authority structure, educational expectations, self-concept, racial prejudice, integration attitudes, busing attitudes, school socio-economic climate and two measures of school interracial climate. Findings reveal the achievement performance of bused black students declined significantly from that of non-bused blacks. While all minority students had lower achievement scores after two years of busing, school interracial climate and the attitudes of bused students accounted for the significantly lower scores of bused students. The major conclusion is that rapid school desegregation in communities with great resistance to busing erodes student achievement performance. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Busing, Community Attitudes, Desegregation Effects, Desegregation Methods, Longitudinal Studies, Minority Group Children, Parent Attitudes, Program Evaluation, School Desegregation, Self Concept, Student Attitudes, Student Transportation, Teacher Attitudes, Urban Education
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Regional Research Program.
Authoring Institution: Research Development Foundation, Waco, TX.
Identifiers - Location: Texas