ERIC Number: ED094090
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Implementation of ESEA Title I: A Problem of Compliance. ERIC/IRCD Urban Disadvantaged Series, No. 39.
McLaughlin, Milbrey W.
The passage of Title I of the 1965 Elementary Secondary Education Act embodied not only the high hopes of reformers, but also an implicit challenge. Title I implied that current practices are inadequate, and the schools were given the assignment of self-renewal. However, almost a decade after the passage of Title I, the general verdict is that educators have not successfully met that challenge--that Title I has failed as an instrument of national policy. But it is possible that Title I programs, as they have been evaluated, have never existed--that Title I has not yet been implemented as intended by reformers. There are four factors which are assumed to promote compliance to policy directives: goals, an incentive system, information feedback, reliable knowledge about effective strategies, and effective authority. Weakness in any one aspect is likely to undermine the others; in the instance of Title I, each was deficient or unstable in some respect. Thus the more immediate, and possibly more difficult, task for federal educational policy makers is not just the identification of more effective educational treatments, but the formulation of incentives which encourage local districts to establish "special educational programs for the disadvantaged." (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, New York, NY.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I