ERIC Number: ED094073
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Philadelphia's School Resources and the Disadvantaged.
Summers, Anita A.; Wolfe, Barbara L.
Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia Business Review, p3-16 Mar 1974
The material in this article is part of a larger study of resource inputs and achievement outputs of Philadelphia's public school students being conducted by the Department of Research of the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia. The affects of various school inputs (teacher quality and equipment, for example), socioeconomic inputs (family income and race, for example), and school climate inputs (the number of disruptive incidents and the proportion of low-achievers) are being analyzed in relation to changes in pupil achievement over a period of years. Inputs important to low-achievers will be sorted from inputs important to high-achievers. Similarly, sorting will be done by race and income levels. The findings presented here suggest that, in comparison with the Washington, D.C. public school allocations condemned by the U. S. District Court in 1967-71, the Philadelphia School District comes out very well indeed. On the average, where policy dictated equal distribution, the disadvantaged received resources equal to those received by the advantaged. Moreover, where policy delegated more resources to the advantaged, with the important exception of federal funds, they received them. The results differed, however, for some resources, some levels of schooling, and some disadvantaged groups. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Black Students, Disadvantaged Youth, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Finance, Educational Opportunities, Educational Resources, Equal Education, Financial Policy, Low Income, Resource Allocation, School District Spending, School Support, Spanish Speaking, Urban Schools
Public Information, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19101
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, PA.
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania