ERIC Number: ED094019
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Apr-19
Reference Count: N/A
The Story of Emergency School Aid, a Legislative Step-Child: Policy-Making in a Transitional Period.
Morgan, Joseph H.; Mosher, Edith K.
Well into his second year of office, President Nixon proposed a two-part emergency program to alleviate the problems that desegregation was creating for the nation's schools. Shortly thereafter the Congress authorized one-half of the President's 150 million dollar request for a short-term, crash program for project grants to school districts who were under court orders to desegregate. The President asked that the second part of his desegregation aid program, which requested a 1.5 billion dollar authorization for fiscal years 1971-72 be enacted during the 1970 session. At the time, the presidential proposal gave little hint of the legislative fate which awaited it, a litany of frustration and confusion which culminated in the passage of the act on June 23, 1972. Its history provides a highly interesting subject for investigation and theoretical speculation by students of the politics of education. Each of the following elements are important to understanding the emergency school aid story: early forewarnings of impending policy reversal; the strategems of the Executive Branch; public concern over the effects of school desegregation and busing; competition with existing legislation; and the pursuit of some seemingly erratic actions by all the policy-makers involved. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Emergency School Aid Act 1972