ERIC Number: ED093774
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
The Failures of Inquiry: A New Proposal.
Newton, Richard F.
This essay examines flaws in the standard hypothetical-deduction inquiry model and offers another quite different model of inquiry, the multiple-completing model, for use in the school classroom. In positing this new model of inquiry the assumption has been made that a pedagogical inquiry model need not necessarily be an accurate reflection of scientific inquiry. Two things must be expected of a pedagogical model: that it encourage students to make bold conjectures and to severely test these same conjectures. Problems with use of the hypothetical-deduction model, which represents science for most people and which is at the heart of all inquiry models advocated for classroom use, have to do with the nature of hypothesis formation, with the bias created by the hypothesis, and with the easy acceptance of an hypothesis on the basis of any degree of confirmation. The multiple-competing hypothesis model meets the requirements for a pedagogical model through the formulation of several hypotheses which are mutually exclusive and which must be refuted by the student rather than proved. (Author/JH)
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Cognitive Processes, Critical Thinking, Hypothesis Testing, Inquiry, Investigations, Learning, Logical Thinking, Problem Solving, Productive Thinking, Questioning Techniques, Scientific Methodology, Teaching Methods
Richard F. Newton, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pa. 19122 (Single copies only)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A