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ERIC Number: ED093449
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Cognitive and Socio-Emotional Development of Preschool Children in Individualized Instruction Program.
Fiene, Richard John
This research study, one in a series on day care, is based on the rationale that 2-year-old children, in play, are predominantly oriented toward solitary play and adults. Twelve subjects between 24 and 38 months of age, matched demographically on the Caldwell Pre-School Inventory and the Vineland Social Scales of Maturity were selected to test this hypothesis. Six of the subjects participated in an Individualized Instruction Program (I.I.P.) of play, and the remaining six belonged to a group play program. Pretest baseline data, midtest, and posttest data were obtained. Test results showed significantly better scores for the I.I.P. group on both the Caldwell Pre-School Inventory and the Vineland Social Scales of Maturity. Interactional data revealed more cooperative play among the I.I.P. subjects. Subsequent discussion indicated that the I.I.P. subjects were more successful due to the presence of the needed adult in their interaction with the environment. In addition, in group play a staff/student ratio of 1:3 produced a higher quality of verbal and social interaction than a ratio of 2:6. (SDH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook. Dept. of Psychology.
Note: For related documents, see PS 007 089-092