ERIC Number: ED093115
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Physical Environment and the Visually Impaired.
Reported are results of a project carried out at the Swedish Institute for the Handicapped to determine needs of the visually impaired in the planning and adaptation of buildings and other forms of physical environment. Chapter 1 considers implications of impaired vision and includes definitions, statistics, and problems of the visually impaired such as orientation. Chapter 2 given basic information on building site, planning and design, the use of furnishings, obstacles, light, color, and sound. Considered in the third chapter is the total environment of the visually impaired individual including primary buildings (such as homes), the environment between buildings, secondary buildings (such as schools and shops), and public transport. The design of special small scale environments including areas for hygiene, changing, housework, meals, specific types of work, and vertical transportation is discussed in chapter 4. The final chapter gives additional information on lighting, signs and sign-posting, and design of doors and gates. Summarized are important points of the booklet such as breaking down large areas into smaller areas and complementing optical signals with acoustic signals. (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: ICTA Information Centre, Bromma (Sweden).
Identifiers - Location: Sweden