ERIC Number: ED092920
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-May
Reference Count: N/A
Improving Reading Comprehension: Measuring Readability. Final Report.
Carver, Ronald P.
A standardized method, called programed prose, has been developed which can be used to automatically convert prose training material into a form which forces trainees to read the material with at least a minimal level of comprehension. From the results of a series of experimental studies, it was concluded that programed prose facilitates learning under the following conditions: (1) when individuals are not always highly motivated to learn; (2) when attention to the reading task wanes; (3) when the reading ability level of the individual exceeds the reading difficulty level of the prose material; and (4) when the time allowed for reading exceeds the time necessary to complete the programed prose. It was also found that programed prose is more effective and more efficient in facilitating learning than is the study question technique that is used in correspondence course material, and it was concluded that the Rauding Scale was more valid as a measure of readability than either the Flesch or the Dale-Chall measures. (Author/RB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Silver Spring, MD.