ERIC Number: ED092864
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: N/A
A Psycholinguistic Description of Purposive Oral Reading and Its Effect on Comprehension for Subjects with Different Reading Backgrounds.
Thornton, Mervin F.
The purpose of this study was to describe the effect that providing a specific purpose for reading a selection had on the reading behavior exhibited by subjects with different reading backgrounds, and on their comprehension of the material read. The subjects in this study were selected from the fifth grade in two schools on the basis of their slightly below average reading ability as determined by the Stanford Diagnostic Reading Test. Eight subjects were chosen from a school in which a Ludington Reading Room (LRR) existed and which they had used extensively while the other eight subjects were chosen from a school without an LRR. The oral reading and the oral retelling of the stories by each subject were tape recorded. From the tapes, miscues were analyzed and comprehension ratings assigned to the retellings. Cloze tests were also marked to obtain the other comprehension ratings. The results indicated that the availability and use of a wide selection of paperback books in an LRR appeared to increase the efficiency of the subjects in almost all aspects of the reading process; when a specific purpose was set for reading, an interference phenomenon appeared to reduce the efficiency of the reading process; and comprehension was not affected by purpose in either group of subjects. (Author/WR)
Descriptors: Doctoral Dissertations, Grade 5, Individualized Reading, Miscue Analysis, Oral Reading, Paperback Books, Reading, Reading Ability, Reading Achievement, Reading Comprehension, Reading Development, Reading Research, Reading Skills
University Microfilms, P.O. Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 73-31, 787, MF $4.00, Xerography $10.00)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A