ERIC Number: ED092347
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: N/A
Composting of Municipal Solid Wastes in the United States.
Breidenbach, Andrew W.
To gain more comprehensive knowledge about composting as a solid waste management tool and to better assess the limited information available, the Federal solid waste management program, within the U. S. Public Health Service, entered into a joint experimental windrow composting project in 1966 with the Tennessee Valley Authority and the City of Johnson City, Tennessee. A high-rate composting demonstration plant was also established at Gainesville, Florida under a solid waste management grant. The objectives of these projects were to investigate and demonstrate the economic and technical feasibility of composting municipal refuse. The operational experience gained there and elsewhere are presented in this report. Important conclusions drawn from this study are: (1) composting, properly practiced, can be a nuisance-free way to recycle organic wastes without significantly polluting water and land resources; (2) composting municipal refuse is technically feasible, but it costs more than sanitary landfilling and can cost more than incineration; and (3) the process cannot succeed with results from sale of salvaged or final compost because of a small and unpredictable market. The final conclusion was that waste disposal by composting is not the total answer, but rather one approach to be considered in a solid waste management system. (JP)
Descriptors: Agriculture, Ecology, Environmental Research, Fertilizers, Management Systems, Microbiology, Recycling, Socioeconomic Influences, Urban Problems, Waste Disposal, Wastes
Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402 (Stock No. 5502-0033, $1.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Solid Waste Management Office.