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ERIC Number: ED092277
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Lapp Schools, Teacher Education and Trans-Cultural Studies.
Ruong, Isreal
Lapp schools in Sweden and some of their current problems are described. In discussing teacher training and related educational situations, a brief history of Lapp education is given, beginning with the establishment of the Skytteanian School in 1632. From the second half of the 1700's, there existed both permanent and ambulatory schools in the home villages, a point of controversy until the 1930's. The permanent form was more effective but did not reach as many children; in the ambulatory form, students who completed the 2 year course were expected to spread their knowledge of Christianity and reading to their home villages. Also, defenders of the ambulatory system felt that the permanent schools drew the Lappish youth away from their nomadic life, losing their traditional way of life. It was this ideology which formed the basis for the 1913 nomad school reform. The instruction in these schools was adapted to the Lapp culture, including such things as nomad studies and vocational instruction in reindeer breeding. Most important in satisfying the unique educational demands of Lapps, though, is teacher education and recruitment. Additionally, the paper stresses the importance of economy, emphasizing that destruction of capital means economic loss; in a wider sense, the human being is a form of capital and it is a loss to society when an individual is unable to realize his potential because of educational deprivation. The Lapps cannot afford to lose their roots in the culture of their ancestors; neither can they afford to work for its development. (KM)
Not Available Separately, see RC007922
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden