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ERIC Number: ED091921
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Special Education [Fifth Chapter of "Education in the USSR"].
Lubovsky, V. I.
Described are special education provisions provided by the Soviet government for handicapped children. Noted is the low incidence of handicapped children (said to be the lowest in the world) due to medical practices designed to prevent disease. Reviewed are the historical development of special education since the revolution and the commitment of the Soviet government to the education of handicapped children. It is explained that handicapped children are educated in special boarding schools for the deaf, hard of hearing, blind, partially sighted, mentally retarded, speech handicapped, motor handicapped, or multiply handicapped. Mentioned are criteria for acceptance at the special schools and the provision of general education, vocational training, and guaranteed jobs to all children of special schools. Explained is education of teachers in departments of defectology and the remuneration which is 25 percent higher than that received by teachers of normal children. Stressed for the retarded are individualized instruction and development of good work habits. Stressed for the deaf is language and speech development through use of specialized equipment and techniques. Stressed for the blind and partially sighted is compensation for the disability through use of optical or tactile aids. Stressed for the deaf and blind are self-care skills and communication skills. Emphasized as a focus in all special schools is vocational training. Also noted are research efforts in diagnosis and treatment of handicapping conditions. (DB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: USSR