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ERIC Number: ED091901
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972
Pages: 119
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Public Education: USSR Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow.
Prokofyev, M.
The booklet describes the development and current status of public education in the Soviet Union. Readers are reminded that the 22 million square kilometers and the more than 100 nationalities speaking 108 languages complicate organization of an educational system embodying traditional progressive democratic education and postrevolutionary socialist changes. It reviews the history of Soviet education including pre-1917 literacy (28.4 percent), introduction of compulsory education in 1930, and present school enrollment of 49 million pupils. Basic educational principles are given to be state support, equal opportunities for all nationalities, equality of sexes, a unified school system, separation of church and schools, and contact between school and society. The author reviews educational theories of Lenin, N. Krupskaya, and A. Makarenko. He discusses preschool education, the 8-year school, and the secondary school; school programs, curriculums, and textbooks; pedagogical science; vocational and academic orientations; three aspects of education (ethical, aesthetic, and physical); educational establishments such as Young Pioneer Palaces and Houses that serve young people; the roles of family and society; postsecondary school specialization; the training of teachers; responsibilities of Soviet ministries for education; and international contacts. Appendixes contain tables showing school enrollment figures, the standard curriculum, numbers of textbooks published, and number of graduates from higher and secondary specialized schools. Included are photographs of school settings. (MC)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: USSR