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ERIC Number: ED091900
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Education of the Blind and People with Weak Sight in the USSR.
Zemtsova, M.
Described with accompanying photographs is education for blind and partially sighted children between 7 and 20 years of age in special residential schools in the Soviet Union. Discussed is vocational education in 120 vocational polytechnic schools for the blind and partially sighted from 1st to 11th forms (grades), sanatorium schools from 1st to 11th forms; secondary general day and correspondence schools from 3rd to 11th forms; and specialized schools. Noted are two 9-year general vocational schools for the mentally retarded and blind, a school for the deaf and blind, 1-year preschool groups, and preschools for 3- to 6-year-old children with amblyopia. Given are details about curriculum such as emphasis on fundamentals of science, speech and sensory development, knowledge of life through personal discovery, and work in the Komosol (Communist youth group) at the secondary level. Also discussed are hours of study, transfer policies, health services, and admittance to schools based on visual acuity. Mentioned are stress on work with objects in primary forms, enrichment experiences such as hikes, use of technical devices such as radio and television, and provision for well-lighted study rooms for subjects such as physics and art at the senior form level. Students with special aptitudes are said to attend specialized general vocational schools that emphasize subjects such as music education and mathematics and to later enter into professions. Other students are said to specialize in skilled trades or agriculture (the severely visually handicapped). (MC)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: All-Russia Society for the Blind, Moscow (USSR).
Identifiers - Location: USSR