ERIC Number: ED091899
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972
General Principles of Organisation of Production.
Briefly described with accompanying photographs are development of employment opportunities for the blind and the current status of production by the blind in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. It is explained that with the founding of the All-Russia Society for the Blind in 1925, efforts were made to train the blind in workshops. The return of numerous skilled and professional soldiers blinded in World War II is said to have directed rehabilitation efforts from traditional jobs such as weaving baskets to provision for training according to each individual's choice. Noted is current employment of 55,400 blind persons in establishments run by the society, 13,300 of the blind in state factories, and 8,000 blind in agriculture. Preparation is said to include vocational training in special schools, acquisition of work skills in secondary polytechnic classes, and learning self-care skills in work rehabilitation schools. Training of workers in the society's enterprises is seen to involve a theoretical or practical course and the following steps: orientation, mastery of technique and operation, and independent work. Noted is growth of the original small workshops to 247 factories or industries producing items such as electro-radio-lighting articles, and having 200 - 400 workers. The factories are said to net large profits which are used to employ physicians and psychologists, and to construct production, cultural, residential and welfare facilities. Cited is incidence of the blind in specialized schools and professions such as the law. (MC)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: All-Russia Society for the Blind, Moscow (USSR).
Identifiers - Location: USSR