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ERIC Number: ED091896
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972
Pages: 79
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
To Live and Work.
Zimin, B.
Described in the booklet are the history and functions of the All-Russia Society for the Blind which was founded in 1925 to improve the physical, educational, and employment conditions of the more than 300,000 Russian people who before 1917 became blind from disease and poverty. The society is said to have units in the 15 constituent Soviet Republics and a voluntary membership of 163,800 blind and partially sighted persons. Noted is the decrease of blind adults to one third and of blind children to one fifth of the 1917 figure. Discussed are the following functions of the society: provision for factory and local (farm) branches; cooperation on problems of the blind with ministries responsible for areas such as social security, the state publishing house, and research institutes; provision for vocational training in work rehabilitation schools, locations such as the society's enterprises, and specialized schools; provision for employment of 76,500 blind or partially sighted persons in the society's factories or farms, state factories and professions; management of enterprises in which 70-90 percent of the blind engage in direct production processes, and which allocate 75 percent of net profits (25 percent of profits go to the state) to components of the society; and provision for farm jobs such as carpenters (partially sighted) and for coopers (blind). Also discussed are blind scholars' contributions to professional fields such as biology; education for 9,500 blind and partially sighted children in 68 residential schools; recreation activities such as drama in 129 centers; and welfare services such as housing. (MC)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: All-Russia Society for the Blind, Moscow (USSR).
Identifiers - Location: USSR