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ERIC Number: ED091648
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Apr
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Group Size and Training Duration on the Development of Interpersonal Communication Skills.
Locke, Don W.; Gaushell, W. Harper
The influence of group size and training duration on the development of empathic understanding in beginning counseling procedures students was examined. Nine-five master's level students grouped into four groups representing long and short duration, large and small size, were evaluated on the basis of taped counseling sessions. A team of expert raters determined each student's level of functioning, using a modified Carkhuff scale of empathy. A two-way analysis of variance revealed a significant main effect for group size and no significance for training duration. These findings were interpreted in terms of group dynamics. It was proposed that larger groups provided more positive counseling experiences for modeling and/or smaller groups produced more inhibition due to greater peer influence. The lack of significant main effect for training duration suggests that shorter sessions are equally effective in screening and identifying potential skills. Implications for counselor education and future research were discussed. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A